In week 10, we learn about the learning theories. There are four learning theories that we need to know which are behaviourism, cognitivism, constructivism and connectivism. More, learning is a process that form in a shaped those four theories. As for behavioural learning theory outlines a model of how people learn from their experience, much of our behavioural responses being conditioned by events from our background and early experience. We learn from our daily experience, encounters of new situations, responding in the ways we think best suit the occasion and accumulating knowledge of the likely consequences to our behaviour. We also learn directly from formal learning situations. Behaviourism is a theory of learning focusing on observable behaviours and discounting any mental activity.
Furthermore, cognitive learning theory is a broad theory that explains thinking and differing mental processes and how they are influenced by internal and external factors in order to produce learning in individuals. When cognitive processes are working normally then acquisition and storage of knowledge works well, but when these cognitive processes are ineffective, learning delays and difficulties can be seen.
Moreover, Constructivism learning theory is a philosophy, which enhances students' logical and conceptual growth. The underlying concept within the constructivism learning theory is the role, which experiences-or connections with the adjoining atmosphere-play in student education. The constructivism learning theory will allow children to, at an early age or a late age, develop the skills and confidence to analyse the world around them, create solutions or support for developing issues, and then justify their words and actions. While encouraging those around them to do the same and respecting the differences in opinions for the contributions that they can make to the whole of the situation.
In addition, connectivism is a learning theory that explains how Internet technologies have created new opportunities for people to learn and share information across the World Wide Web and among themselves. These technologies include Web browsers, email, wikis, online discussion forums, social networks, YouTube, and any other tool, which enables the users to learn and share information with other people. A key feature of connectivism is that much learning can happen across peer networks that take place online. In connectivist learning, a teacher will guide students to information and answer key questions as needed, in order to support students learning and sharing on their own. Students are also encouraged to seek out information on their own online and express what they find. A connected community around this shared information often results.
Conclusion, teacher need to understand their students’ behaviour by using those four theories as everyone have different personality. While, teacher need to make sure that there are two ways communication between teacher and student. So that they will achieve an effective and meaningful learning.