Dr. Siti Fatimah gave a lecture about instructional design of TPACK in week 11. TPACK stands for Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge. It is a theory that was developed to explain the set of knowledge that teachers need to teach their students a subject, teach effectively, and use technology.
According to the TPACK framework, specific technological tools (hardware, software, applications, associated information literacy practices, etc. are best used to instruct and guide students toward a better, more robust understanding of the subject matter. The three types of knowledge TK, PK, and CK are combined and recombined in various ways within the TPACK framework. Technological pedagogical knowledge (TPK) describes relationships and interactions between technological tools and specific pedagogical practices, while pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) describes the same between pedagogical practices and specific learning objectives; finally, technological content knowledge (TCK) describes relationships and intersections among technologies and learning objectives. These triangulated areas then constitute TPACK, which considers the relationships among all three areas and acknowledges that educators are acting within this complex space.
Any effective implementation of technology in the classroom requires acknowledgment of the dynamic, transactional relationship among content, pedagogy, and the incoming technology – all within the unique contexts of different schools, classrooms, and cultures. Factors such as the individual educator, the specific grade level, the class demographics, and more will mean that every situation will demand a slightly different approach to edtech integration. No one monolithic combination of content, pedagogy, and edtech will be applicable for every setting and TPACK leaves room for researchers and practitioners to adapt its framework to different circumstances.
Finally, we as a teacher need to be updated with different kind of learning styles to approach the students as their era are more to the usage of technology and ICT. By that, teacher need to prepared their mental and physical to adapt with different kind of styles according to student needs.